Properly applying pumps can be a complex business. In this section you'll find information that can help in understanding pump basics, fluid dynamics, and other relevant information that can help in the process.
Centrifugal Value with Centrifugal Pumps
There are many detailed publications on the subject of the NPSH value. In practice, however, mistakes are made repeatedly, with pump damage or even complete system failure as a result.
This guideline is therefore intended to indicate where and how the system NPSH value can be rendered more favorable using various parameters, and the criteria which are important for pump selection.
NPSH means "Net Positive Suction Head." A system from which, for instance, cold water flows to a pump from a height of 1 m without a pressure drop has an NPSH value of aprox 11 m (not 1m).
NPSH = 11 m
A = available
Here, only one pump with an NPSHR value of 10.5 m or less can normally be used, in order that a safety margin of at least 0.5 m is available.
NPSHR = 10.5 m
R = required
NPSHA Value of the System
Here, a customary formula which is fully adequate for practice is provided. The latest symbols in accordance with DIN 24 260 Part 1, September 1986 edition, are used here.
This data is referred directly to the center point of the suction nozzle. For the sake of simplicity, gravitational acceleration has been assumed not at 9.81 m/s2 but instead at 10.0 m/s2.
Content provided by Goulds Pumps Inc.